Not only mudras, but their movements are also notated in detail in the dance notation system.

Indian classical dance is very much different from the western system of dance. Thus it is not easy to notate our classical dances using western notations. In the e In the last three parts, we described the notation system in Indian dance(Mohiniyttam) and how mudras are noted using the dance notation system.  

Every movement of mudras are precisely given in the notation system. So it’s important to understand the notation system to read the mudras in detail. We explained various mudras and how they are notated in 73 and 74 parts. Here we are looking into a few other concepts and how each one of them is notated.

Path (Street)

The forward movement given in this mudra is to indicate that this should be done straight to the front.

   Netherworld (Pathalam)

At the beginning both the hands hold in the middle face to face and take the apart.

Earth (Bhoomi)

Loins (Arakettu)




The beginning and final position are given. How to bring right hand and in a circle shown in the notation picture. These are the ways in which the mudra should be moved.




To Walk


Guru Nirmala Paniker is a danseuse, choreographer and researcher of repute. She established Natanakaisiki, the dance research and training wing of Natanakairali.

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